Ischemic Vascular Disease Definition
To understand Ischemic Vascular Disease definition, you must first understand that Ischemia stands for reduced blood supply. Ischemic Vascular Disease (IVD) is when a waxy substance known as plaque starts to accumulate inside the blood vessels and meddles with the blood flow causing it to get restricted.
When this plaque accumulates in the arteries, you undergo a condition known as atherosclerosis. This condition has the ability to affect any artery present in the body including the arteries in the brain, heart, arm, legs, kidneys, and pelvis. Due to this reason, many different diseases start to develop depending on the arteries that get affected.
Ischemic Vascular Disease is a simple term that stands for a group of diseases created due to the accumulation of the plague.
Some common diseases caused by the accumulation of plague are as follows, read on below to find out.
Types Of Ischemic Vascular Disease
- Coronary Heart Disease (CHD)
In Coronary heart disease, atherosclerosis affects the coronary arteries present in the heart. If the flow and rate of oxygen-rich blood to your heart muscles gets reduced or blocked, then a heart attack or angina may take place.
Angina is simple discomfort or chest pain that takes place in your body, and it may feel like someone is squeezing or putting pressure on your chest. This pain can also take place in your neck, shoulders, jaw, arms and your back. For some, angina pain may also feel like indigestion.
Heart attack, however, occurs when the flow of blood rich with oxygen gets blocked on a certain section of the heart. If this flow of blood is not restored right away, then this section of the heart muscles can die. Without classifying whether it is an Ischemic Vascular Disease ICD 10 (diagnosis) or Ischemic Vascular Disease ICD 9, treating it can be an issue, and a serious problem can occur and even lead to death.
- Carotid Artery Disease (CAD)
Carotid Artery Disease also takes place when there is a building up of plaque in the arteries; however, these arteries are not near the heart but are present on both sides of the neck. These arteries are known as the carotid arteries and help in supplying oxygen-rich blood to your brain. If this blood flow gets blocked or restricted even for a few minutes, then this lack of oxygen can cause permanent damage to your brain and even lead to the death of your brain cells.
If your brain cells get damaged or die due to a stroke, then symptoms take place in your body where these brains cells are present. Some example of symptoms during a stroke includes trouble in seeing, sudden weakness, numbness of the faces and arms, paralysis of the legs and trouble in understanding and speaking.
- Peripheral Arterial Disease (PAD)
In Peripheral Arterial Disease or Peripheral, Ischemic Vascular Disease plague gets build up in the arteries that carry blood to your limbs, organs and your head. This disease mostly tends to affect the arteries present in your legs. However, it can also affect the arteries that help in carrying blood from your stomach, kidneys, and arms.
This restricted blood flow from to your legs can cause immense pain and numbness. It can also increase your risks of undergoing an infection in the limb that is affected. If this condition becomes incredibly severe than blocked blood flow can even lead to the death of the tissue (gangrene).
If the buildup of plague around the arteries that bring blood to the kidneys gets too severe, it can impair kidney function.
What Causes Vascular Ischemic Disease?
As mentioned in the start, all types of Ischemic Vascular Diseases are due to atherosclerosis. Atherosclerosis takes place when certain factors cause damage to the inner layers of the arteries, and these factors are as follows:
- High amounts of specific cholesterol and fats in the blood
- High amounts of blood pressure
- High amounts of sugar in the blood present due to insulin resistance and diabetes
What Are The Sign Are Symptoms Of Vascular Ischemic Disease?
Ischemic Vascular Disease does not usually have any beforehand sign and symptoms until your arteries become incredibly narrow and get restricted. Many people have no idea that they are undergoing such a problem until they have a medical emergency such as a stroke or a heart attack.
Some people do have symptoms, but these signs and symptoms depend entirely on the artery that gets affected.
How Is Ischemic Vascular Disease Diagnosed?
The most effective treatment for vascular ischemic diseases is determined by diagnosis. However, there are some common steps you can take and follow to treat these diseases; these steps include no smoking, proper medication to control high pressure of blood and high cholesterol. Some people also require medications to stop blood from clotting.
The main goal of treatment includes:
- Getting rid of symptoms
- Slowing down the risk factors to stop or decrease the buildup of plague
- Decreasing the risk of formation of blood clots
- Bypassing and widening plague filled arteries
- Preventing diseases related to atherosclerosis
Following a healthy diet, maintaining weight, managing stress and being active physically are all important steps and help in decreasing the accumulation of plaque thus preventing medical emergencies.
Living With Vascular Ischemic Disease
With improved treatments and proper diagnosis and classification such as Ischemic Vascular Disease ICD 9 codes/Ischemic Vascular Disease ICD 10 codes, the number of death from atherosclerosis can be decreased. Proper treatment can help in improving the quality of life for people who have this disease.
If you are undergoing Ischemic Vascular Disease than make sure that you live smartly and avoid serious problems such as stroke and heart attack. Make sure to follow the treatment plan given to you by your doctor, keep your physician updated for any and all new symptoms and remember to call an ambulance when you undergo any heart attack symptoms.