Vascular Disease Foundation - Fighting Vascular Disease... Improving Vascular Health.

Disease Information

Vascular Disease is the term that describes blood vessel diseases. Blood vessels are the series of tubes that are used to pump blood throughout the body. There are three types of blood vessels: arteries, veins and lymphatics.

Arteries carry oxygen-rich blood away from the heart to every part of the body, including the brain,
intestines, kidneys, arms, legs and the heart itself. When disease occurs in the arteries, it is called arterial disease. Veins return blood back to the heart from all parts of the body. When disease occurs in the veins, it is called venous disease. Lymphatics are a third type of blood vessel that return
fluid from the skin and other tissues to the veins.

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Abdominal Aortic Aneurysms (AAA) are caused by progressive weakening of the aortic wall that causes a “ballooning” of the vessel.

Aortic dissection is caused when the inner layer of the aortic wall tears and then peels or separates away from the next layer of the aorta.

Buerger’s Disease is a rare disorder characterized by inflammation of the small and medium arteries and veins, which may cause rest pain and non-healing sores or ulcers.

Carotid Artery Disease is defined by the narrowing or blockage of this artery due to plaque build-up.

Critical Limb Ischemia or CLI is a severe obstruction of the arteries which seriously decreases blood flow to the extremities (hands, feet and legs) and has progressed to the point of severe pain and even skin ulcers or sores.

“Vascular anomalies” is an all-inclusive term for vascular malformations, vascular tumors, and other congenital vascular defects. The more commonly used term, Chronic Venous Insufficiency (CVI), implies abnormally formed blood vessels that one is born with.

“Vascular anomalies” is an all-inclusive term for vascular malformations, vascular tumors, and other congenital vascular defects. The more commonly used term, Congenital Vascular Malformation (CVM), implies abnormally formed blood vessels that one is born with.

Deep Vein Thrombosis, commonly referred to as “DVT”, occurs when a blood clot, or thrombus, develops in the large veins of the legs or pelvic area.

Fibromuscular Dysplasia, commonly called FMD, is a disease that causes one or more arteries in the body to have abnormal cell development. As a result, areas of narrowing (stenosis) may occur, along with aneurysm or tears (dissections) of the arteries..

Lymphedema [Details]
Lymphedema is a common cause of leg or arm swelling due to the collection of too much lymph fluid.

Mesenteric Artery Disease is the hardening of the arteries in the blood vessels that supply the body's intestines.

PAD is also known as atherosclerosis, poor circulation, or hardening of the arteries.

Pulmonary Embolism [Details]
Pulmonary embolism (PE) is a blood clot that lodges in the lung arteries. The blood clot forms in the leg, pelvic, or arm veins, then breaks off from the vein wall and travels through the heart into the lung arteries.

Portal hypertension is high blood pressure of the portal vein. The portal vein, a major vein in the abdomen, collects nutrient- rich blood from the intestines and delivers it to the liver to nourish it, where it is purified for our body to use.

The post-thrombotic syndrome (PTS) is a complication from having had a blood clot known as deep vein thrombosis (DVT).

Raynaud’s phenomenon is a medical condition in which the arteries in the fingers and toes become suddenly narrowed in response to cold exposure, causing the digits to turn sequentially white, blue, or red.

Renovascular hypertension is high blood pressure related to narrowing, or partial blockage of the blood vessel that carries blood to the kidney.

Stroke [Details]
A stroke, or "brain attack", occurs when blood flow to the brain is interrupted by a blood clot or when a blood vessel bursts.

Aneurysms of the aorta can occur in the chest or abdomen, or both at the same time. The aorta is the main blood vessel carrying arterial blood from the heart to the rest of the body.

Thrombophilia [Details]
Thrombophilias can be defined as a group of inherited or acquired disorders that increase a person's risk of developing thrombosis (abnormal "blood clotting") in the veins or arteries.

Varicose Veins [Details]
Varicose veins are enlarged, bulging superficial veins that can be felt beneath the skin.

Vasculitis [Details]
Vasculitis is an inflammation of the wall of a blood vessel, a tube that carries blood.

All of the medical information contained on VDF's Web site has been written by medical professionals and then peer-reviewed by a multidisciplinary committee who edits the material appropriately.

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